• We aimed at supporting game designers create games for brain injury rehabilitation.
  • In this system, we provide designers with Game Design Patterns associated with: (1) therapy goals in brain injury rehabilitation and (2) player experience of patients with a brain injury.
  • This system helps designers understand and choose the game design patterns that may support game design and communication of design ideas.
  • Brain injury is a major health issue in many societies.
  • Causes of brain injuries are varied and include external traumatic events (e.g. car accident, firearm), loss of oxygen to the brain, and stroke.
  • Individual impacts of a brain injury are diverse and can involve a wide range of physical and cognitive disabilities.
  • Because of the wide range of causes and potential impacts from a brain injury, therapists must customize rehabilitation treatments for each patient.
  • It is often challenging to motivate people who have had a brain injury to engage in the repetitive exercises common for rehabilitation. As a result, therapists usually include games in rehabilitation sessions to help make repetitive tasks fun and engaging (i.e., to increase motivation to perform both physical and cognitive rehabilitation exercises).
  • Therapists use varied combinations of commercial off-the-shelf games designed for the general public and games that are specifically designed for brain injury therapy.
  • Design patterns aim to provide a common language to support the work of designers by documenting successful solutions that have addressed recurring design problems.
  • We hope our therapy-centered game design patterns would be able to
    1. support designers brainstorm game ideas for brain injury rehabilitation games
    2. facilitate communication and mutual understanding among game designers and therapists


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